Жива

80
Hg
Група
12
Периода
6
блок
d
Protons
Electrons
Neutrons
80
80
121
Општи Својства
Атомски број
80
Атомска тежина
200,59
Mass Number
201
Category
Преоден метал
Color
Silver
Radioactive
Не
From the Latin word hydrargyrum meaning liquid silver
Кристална структура
Simple Trigonal
History
Mercury was known to the ancient Chinese and Indians and has been found in Egyptian tombs dating back to about 1500 BC.

Alchemists thought of mercury as the First Matter from which all metals were formed.

They believed that different metals could be produced by varying the quality and quantity of sulfur contained within the mercury.
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2
Електронска конфигурација
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
Hg
Mercury is the only metal that is liquid at room temperature
Физички Својства
Фаза
Liquid
Густина
13,5336 g/cm3
Точка на топење
234,32 K | -38,83 °C | -37,89 °F
Точка на вриење
630,15 K | 357 °C | 674,6 °F
Топлина на топење
2,29 kJ/mol
Топлина на испарување
59,2 kJ/mol
Specific Heat Capacity
0,14 J/g·K
Abundance in Earth's crust
6,7×10-6%
Abundance in Universe
1×10-7%
Element
Кредити на слика: Wikimedia Commons (Bionerd)
Element mercury in liquid form
CAS Number
7439-97-6
PubChem CID Number
23931
Атомски Својства
Атомски полупречник
151 pm
Ковалентен полупречник
132 pm
Електронегативност
2,00 (Полингова скала)
Ionization Potential
10,4375 eV
Atomic Volume
14,82 cm3/mol
Thermal Conductivity
0,0834 W/cm·K
Oxidation States
1, 2, 4
Applications
Mercury is used in barometers and manometers because of its high density.

Gaseous mercury is used in mercury-vapor lamps and some 'neon sign' type advertising signs and fluorescent lamps.

Mercury is also found in liquid mirror telescopes.

Gaseous mercury is also found in some electron tubes, including ignitrons, thyratrons, and mercury arc rectifiers.
Mercury and most of its compounds are highly toxic
Isotopes
Stable Isotopes
196Hg, 198Hg, 199Hg, 200Hg, 201Hg, 202Hg, 204Hg
Unstable Isotopes
171Hg, 172Hg, 173Hg, 174Hg, 175Hg, 176Hg, 177Hg, 178Hg, 179Hg, 180Hg, 181Hg, 182Hg, 183Hg, 184Hg, 185Hg, 186Hg, 187Hg, 188Hg, 189Hg, 190Hg, 191Hg, 192Hg, 193Hg, 194Hg, 195Hg, 197Hg, 203Hg, 205Hg, 206Hg, 207Hg, 208Hg, 209Hg, 210Hg